Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Normal precautions to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Older adults and people having severe underlying chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes or lung disease seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 illness. Please consult with your doctor immediately.
Who is at higher risk?
-Early information out of China, where COVID-19 first started, shows that some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness. This includes:
-People who have serious chronic medical conditions like:-
Know How it Spreads
-Currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
-The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
-The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
-Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
-Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
-These droplets can enter in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
Take steps to protect yourself
-Clean your hands often with soap and water
-Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 30 seconds especially after you have been in a public
place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
-If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 65% alcohol. Cover all
surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
-Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
-Avoid close contact with people who are sick
-Make distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially
important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
-Take regular everyday precautions to keep space between yourself and others.
-When you are going out in public, keep away from others who are sick, limit close contact and wash your hands often.
-Should Avoid crowds as much as possible.
-Stay at home if you are sick.
-Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care.
-Avoid travel like Railways like cruise travel and non-essential air travel.
-Cover coughs and sneezes
-Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
-Throw used tissues in the trash.
-Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 30 seconds. If soap and water are not readily
available, wash your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 65% alcohol.
-Use facemask if you are sick.
-Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches,
countertops, handles,chairs, desks, phones,computers,laptops,keyboards, toilets,sinks and faucets.
-If surfaces are dirty,clean immediately. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.